trace: add missing limits.h include
[project/procd.git] / trace / trace.c
index b0005b8..1c1e757 100644 (file)
  */
 
 #define _GNU_SOURCE
+#include <fcntl.h>
 #include <stddef.h>
 #include <sys/ptrace.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
 #include <sys/types.h>
 #include <sys/user.h>
 #include <sys/wait.h>
 #include <errno.h>
 #include <string.h>
 #include <syslog.h>
+#include <limits.h>
 
+#ifndef PTRACE_EVENT_STOP
+/* PTRACE_EVENT_STOP is defined in linux/ptrace.h, but this header
+ * collides with musl's sys/ptrace.h */
+#define PTRACE_EVENT_STOP 128
+#endif
+
+#include <libubox/ulog.h>
 #include <libubox/uloop.h>
 #include <libubox/blobmsg.h>
 #include <libubox/blobmsg_json.h>
 # endif
 #define reg_syscall_nr (EF_REG2 / 4)
 #elif defined(__arm__)
+#include <asm/ptrace.h>                /* for PTRACE_SET_SYSCALL */
 #define reg_syscall_nr _offsetof(struct user, regs.uregs[7])
+# if defined(__ARM_EABI__)
+# define reg_retval_nr _offsetof(struct user, regs.uregs[0])
+# endif
 #else
 #error tracing is not supported on this architecture
 #endif
 
-#define INFO(fmt, ...) do { \
-       fprintf(stderr, "utrace: "fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
-} while (0)
+enum mode {
+       UTRACE,
+       SECCOMP_TRACE,
+} mode = UTRACE;
 
-#define ERROR(fmt, ...) do { \
-       syslog(LOG_ERR, "utrace: "fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
-       fprintf(stderr, "utrace: "fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); \
-} while (0)
+struct tracee {
+       struct uloop_process proc;
+       int in_syscall;
+};
 
-static struct uloop_process tracer;
-static int *syscall_count;
+static struct tracee tracer;
+static int syscall_count[SYSCALL_COUNT];
+static int violation_count;
 static struct blob_buf b;
-static int syscall_max;
-static int in_syscall;
 static int debug;
-
-static int max_syscall = ARRAY_SIZE(syscall_names);
+char *json = NULL;
+int ptrace_restart;
 
 static void set_syscall(const char *name, int val)
 {
        int i;
 
-       for (i = 0; i < max_syscall; i++)
-               if (syscall_names[i] && !strcmp(syscall_names[i], name)) {
+       for (i = 0; i < SYSCALL_COUNT; i++) {
+               int sc = syscall_index_to_number(i);
+               if (syscall_name(sc) && !strcmp(syscall_name(sc), name)) {
                        syscall_count[i] = val;
                        return;
                }
+       }
+}
+
+struct syscall {
+       int syscall;
+       int count;
+};
+
+static int cmp_count(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+       return ((struct syscall*)b)->count - ((struct syscall*)a)->count;
 }
 
 static void print_syscalls(int policy, const char *json)
@@ -82,25 +108,37 @@ static void print_syscalls(int policy, const char *json)
        void *c;
        int i;
 
-       set_syscall("rt_sigaction", 1);
-       set_syscall("sigreturn", 1);
-       set_syscall("rt_sigreturn", 1);
-       set_syscall("exit_group", 1);
-       set_syscall("exit", 1);
+       if (mode == UTRACE) {
+               set_syscall("rt_sigaction", 1);
+               set_syscall("sigreturn", 1);
+               set_syscall("rt_sigreturn", 1);
+               set_syscall("exit_group", 1);
+               set_syscall("exit", 1);
+       }
+
+       struct syscall sorted[SYSCALL_COUNT];
+
+       for (i = 0; i < SYSCALL_COUNT; i++) {
+               sorted[i].syscall = syscall_index_to_number(i);
+               sorted[i].count = syscall_count[i];
+       }
+
+       qsort(sorted, SYSCALL_COUNT, sizeof(sorted[0]), cmp_count);
 
        blob_buf_init(&b, 0);
        c = blobmsg_open_array(&b, "whitelist");
 
-       for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(syscall_names); i++) {
-               if (!syscall_count[i])
-                       continue;
-               if (syscall_names[i]) {
+       for (i = 0; i < SYSCALL_COUNT; i++) {
+               int sc = sorted[i].syscall;
+               if (!sorted[i].count)
+                       break;
+               if (syscall_name(sc)) {
                        if (debug)
                                printf("syscall %d (%s) was called %d times\n",
-                                       i, syscall_names[i], syscall_count[i]);
-                       blobmsg_add_string(&b, NULL, syscall_names[i]);
+                                      sc, syscall_name(sc), sorted[i].count);
+                       blobmsg_add_string(&b, NULL, syscall_name(sc));
                } else {
-                       ERROR("no name found for syscall(%d)\n", i);
+                       ULOG_ERR("no name found for syscall(%d)\n", sc);
                }
        }
        blobmsg_close_array(&b, c);
@@ -110,9 +148,9 @@ static void print_syscalls(int policy, const char *json)
                if (fp) {
                        fprintf(fp, "%s", blobmsg_format_json_indent(b.head, true, 0));
                        fclose(fp);
-                       INFO("saving syscall trace to %s\n", json);
+                       ULOG_INFO("saving syscall trace to %s\n", json);
                } else {
-                       ERROR("failed to open %s\n", json);
+                       ULOG_ERR("failed to open %s\n", json);
                }
        } else {
                printf("%s\n",
@@ -121,35 +159,115 @@ static void print_syscalls(int policy, const char *json)
 
 }
 
-static void tracer_cb(struct uloop_process *c, int ret)
+static void report_seccomp_vialation(pid_t pid, unsigned syscall)
 {
-       if (WIFSTOPPED(ret) && WSTOPSIG(ret) & 0x80) {
-               if (!in_syscall) {
-                       int syscall = ptrace(PTRACE_PEEKUSER, c->pid, reg_syscall_nr);
+       char buf[200];
+       snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "/proc/%d/cmdline", pid);
+       int f = open(buf, O_RDONLY);
+       int r = read(f, buf, sizeof(buf) - 1);
+       if (r >= 0)
+               buf[r] = 0;
+       else
+               strcpy(buf, "unknown?");
+       close(f);
+
+       if (violation_count < INT_MAX)
+               violation_count++;
+       int i = syscall_index(syscall);
+       if (i >= 0) {
+               syscall_count[i]++;
+               ULOG_ERR("%s[%u] tried to call non-whitelisted syscall: %s (see %s)\n",
+                        buf, pid,  syscall_name(syscall), json);
+       } else {
+               ULOG_ERR("%s[%u] tried to call non-whitelisted syscall: %d (see %s)\n",
+                        buf, pid,  syscall, json);
+       }
+}
 
-                       if (syscall < syscall_max) {
-                               syscall_count[syscall]++;
-                               if (debug)
-                                       fprintf(stderr, "%s()\n", syscall_names[syscall]);
-                       } else if (debug) {
-                               fprintf(stderr, "syscal(%d)\n", syscall);
+static void tracer_cb(struct uloop_process *c, int ret)
+{
+       struct tracee *tracee = container_of(c, struct tracee, proc);
+       int inject_signal = 0;
+
+       /* We explicitely check for events in upper 16 bits, because
+        * musl (as opposed to glibc) does not report
+        * PTRACE_EVENT_STOP as WIFSTOPPED */
+       if (WIFSTOPPED(ret) || (ret >> 16)) {
+               if (WSTOPSIG(ret) & 0x80) {
+                       if (!tracee->in_syscall) {
+                               int syscall = ptrace(PTRACE_PEEKUSER, c->pid, reg_syscall_nr);
+                               int i = syscall_index(syscall);
+                               if (i >= 0) {
+                                       syscall_count[i]++;
+                                       if (debug)
+                                               fprintf(stderr, "%s()\n", syscall_name(syscall));
+                               } else if (debug) {
+                                       fprintf(stderr, "syscal(%d)\n", syscall);
+                               }
                        }
+                       tracee->in_syscall = !tracee->in_syscall;
+               } else if ((ret >> 8) == (SIGTRAP | (PTRACE_EVENT_FORK << 8)) ||
+                          (ret >> 8) == (SIGTRAP | (PTRACE_EVENT_VFORK << 8)) ||
+                          (ret >> 8) == (SIGTRAP | (PTRACE_EVENT_CLONE << 8))) {
+                       struct tracee *child = calloc(1, sizeof(struct tracee));
+
+                       ptrace(PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG, c->pid, 0, &child->proc.pid);
+                       child->proc.cb = tracer_cb;
+                       ptrace(ptrace_restart, child->proc.pid, 0, 0);
+                       uloop_process_add(&child->proc);
+                       if (debug)
+                               fprintf(stderr, "Tracing new child %d\n", child->proc.pid);
+               } else if ((ret >> 16) == PTRACE_EVENT_STOP) {
+                       /* Nothing special to do here */
+               } else if ((ret >> 8) == (SIGTRAP | (PTRACE_EVENT_SECCOMP << 8))) {
+                       int syscall = ptrace(PTRACE_PEEKUSER, c->pid, reg_syscall_nr);
+#if defined(__arm__)
+                       ptrace(PTRACE_SET_SYSCALL, c->pid, 0, -1);
+                       ptrace(PTRACE_POKEUSER, c->pid, reg_retval_nr, -ENOSYS);
+#else
+                       ptrace(PTRACE_POKEUSER, c->pid, reg_syscall_nr, -1);
+#endif
+                       report_seccomp_vialation(c->pid, syscall);
+               } else {
+                       inject_signal = WSTOPSIG(ret);
+                       if (debug)
+                               fprintf(stderr, "Injecting signal %d into pid %d\n",
+                                       inject_signal, tracee->proc.pid);
+               }
+       } else if (WIFEXITED(ret) || (WIFSIGNALED(ret) && WTERMSIG(ret))) {
+               if (tracee == &tracer) {
+                       uloop_end(); /* Main process exit */
+               } else {
+                       if (debug)
+                               fprintf(stderr, "Child %d exited\n", tracee->proc.pid);
+                       free(tracee);
                }
-               in_syscall = !in_syscall;
-       } else if (WIFEXITED(ret)) {
-               uloop_end();
                return;
        }
-       ptrace(PTRACE_SYSCALL, c->pid, 0, 0);
-       uloop_process_add(&tracer);
+
+       ptrace(ptrace_restart, c->pid, 0, inject_signal);
+       uloop_process_add(c);
+}
+
+static void sigterm_handler(int signum)
+{
+       /* When we receive SIGTERM, we forward it to the tracee. After
+        * the tracee exits, trace_cb() will be called and make us
+        * exit too. */
+       kill(tracer.proc.pid, SIGTERM);
 }
 
+
 int main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp)
 {
-       char *json = NULL;
        int status, ch, policy = EPERM;
        pid_t child;
 
+       /* When invoked via seccomp-trace symlink, work as seccomp
+        * violation logger rather than as syscall tracer */
+       if (strstr(argv[0], "seccomp-trace"))
+               mode = SECCOMP_TRACE;
+
        while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "f:p:")) != -1) {
                switch (ch) {
                case 'f':
@@ -161,6 +279,9 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp)
                }
        }
 
+       if (!json)
+               json = getenv("SECCOMP_FILE");
+
        argc -= optind;
        argv += optind;
 
@@ -176,8 +297,10 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp)
        if (child == 0) {
                char **_argv = calloc(argc + 1, sizeof(char *));
                char **_envp;
-               char preload[] = "LD_PRELOAD=/lib/libpreload-trace.so";
-               int envc = 1;
+               char *preload = NULL;
+               const char *old_preload = getenv("LD_PRELOAD");
+               int newenv = 0;
+               int envc = 0;
                int ret;
 
                memcpy(_argv, argv, argc * sizeof(char *));
@@ -185,41 +308,84 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp)
                while (envp[envc++])
                        ;
 
-               _envp = calloc(envc, sizeof(char *));
-               memcpy(&_envp[1], _envp, envc * sizeof(char *));
-               *envp = preload;
+               _envp = calloc(envc + 2, sizeof(char *));
+               switch (mode) {
+               case UTRACE:
+                       preload = "/lib/libpreload-trace.so";
+                       newenv = 1;
+                       break;
+               case SECCOMP_TRACE:
+                       preload = "/lib/libpreload-seccomp.so";
+                       newenv = 2;
+                       asprintf(&_envp[1], "SECCOMP_FILE=%s", json ? json : "");
+                       kill(getpid(), SIGSTOP);
+                       break;
+               }
+               asprintf(&_envp[0], "LD_PRELOAD=%s%s%s", preload,
+                        old_preload ? ":" : "",
+                        old_preload ? old_preload : "");
+               memcpy(&_envp[newenv], envp, envc * sizeof(char *));
+
+               ret = execve(_argv[0], _argv, _envp);
+               ULOG_ERR("failed to exec %s: %m\n", _argv[0]);
 
-               ret = execve(_argv[0], _argv, envp);
-               ERROR("failed to exec %s: %s\n", _argv[0], strerror(errno));
+               free(_argv);
+               free(_envp);
                return ret;
        }
 
        if (child < 0)
                return -1;
 
-       syscall_max = ARRAY_SIZE(syscall_names);
-       syscall_count = calloc(syscall_max, sizeof(int));
-       waitpid(child, &status, 0);
+       waitpid(child, &status, WUNTRACED);
        if (!WIFSTOPPED(status)) {
-               ERROR("failed to start %s\n", *argv);
+               ULOG_ERR("failed to start %s\n", *argv);
                return -1;
        }
 
-       ptrace(PTRACE_SETOPTIONS, child, 0, PTRACE_O_TRACESYSGOOD);
-       ptrace(PTRACE_SYSCALL, child, 0, 0);
-
+       /* Initialize uloop to catch all ptrace stops from now on. */
        uloop_init();
-       tracer.pid = child;
-       tracer.cb = tracer_cb;
-       uloop_process_add(&tracer);
+
+       int ptrace_options = PTRACE_O_TRACEFORK | PTRACE_O_TRACEVFORK | PTRACE_O_TRACECLONE;
+       switch (mode) {
+       case UTRACE:
+               ptrace_options |= PTRACE_O_TRACESYSGOOD;
+               ptrace_restart = PTRACE_SYSCALL;
+               break;
+       case SECCOMP_TRACE:
+               ptrace_options |= PTRACE_O_TRACESECCOMP;
+               ptrace_restart = PTRACE_CONT;
+               break;
+       }
+       if (ptrace(PTRACE_SEIZE, child, 0, ptrace_options) == -1) {
+               ULOG_ERR("PTRACE_SEIZE: %m\n");
+               return -1;
+       }
+       if (ptrace(ptrace_restart, child, 0, SIGCONT) == -1) {
+               ULOG_ERR("ptrace_restart: %m\n");
+               return -1;
+       }
+
+       tracer.proc.pid = child;
+       tracer.proc.cb = tracer_cb;
+       uloop_process_add(&tracer.proc);
+       signal(SIGTERM, sigterm_handler); /* Override uloop's SIGTERM handler */
        uloop_run();
        uloop_done();
 
-       if (!json)
-               if (asprintf(&json, "/tmp/%s.%u.json", basename(*argv), child) < 0)
-                       ERROR("failed to allocate output path: %s\n", strerror(errno));
 
+       switch (mode) {
+       case UTRACE:
+               if (!json)
+                       if (asprintf(&json, "/tmp/%s.%u.json", basename(*argv), child) < 0)
+                               ULOG_ERR("failed to allocate output path: %m\n");
+               break;
+       case SECCOMP_TRACE:
+               if (!violation_count)
+                       return 0;
+               asprintf(&json, "/tmp/%s.%u.violations.json", basename(*argv), child);
+               break;
+       }
        print_syscalls(policy, json);
-
        return 0;
 }