changes, notes and errata
Type the text for 'YourName'
@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.2.1@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n* Certificate verification now works for Firefox.\n* Extended the openssl API.\n\n@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.2.0@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n* A self-signed certificate will be verified as ok provided that that it is on the certificate authority list.\n* Certificates are not verified when added as certificate authorities (since self-signed and expired certificates can be added to browsers etc)\n\n@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.1.9@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n* Now support MS IIS resource kit certificates (thanks to Carsten Sørensen).\n* Fixed a memory leak when freeing more than one CA certificate.\n* The bigint library had a problem with squaring which affected classical reduction (thanks to Manuel Klimek).\n\n!!__axhttpd__\n* Brought back setuid()/setgid() as an option.\n\n!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.1.8@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n* Now using a BSD style license.\n* Self-signed certificates can now be automatically generated (the keys still need to be provided).\n* A new API call //ssl_x509_create()// can be used to programatically create the certificate.\n* Certificate/keys can be loaded automatically given a file location.\n\n!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.1.7@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n\n* Variable sized session id's is now better handled for session caching. It has meant a new API call //ssl_get_session_id_size()// and a change to //ssl_client_new()// to define the session id size.\n* Muliple records with a single header are now better supported (thanks to Hervé Sibert).\n* ~MD2 added for Verisign root cert verification (thanks to Byron Rakitzis).\n* The ~MD5/~SHA1 digests are calculated incrementally to reduce memory (thanks to Byron Rakitzis).\n* The bigint cache is now cleared regularly to reduce memory.\n\n!!__axhttpd__\n\n* Improved the POST handling (thanks to Christian Melki).\n* CSS files now work properly.\n* Lua's CGI launcher location is configurable.\n* //vfork()// is now used for CGI for performance reasons.\n\n!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.1.6@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n\n* ~RC4 speed improvements\n* Lua samples/bindings now work properly\n\n!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.1.5@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n\n* Session id's can now be variable lengths in server hello messages.\n* 0 length client certificates are now supported.\n* ssl_version() now returns just the version and not the date.\n* ssl_write() was not sending complete packets under load.\n\n!!__axhttpd__\n\n* Completely updated the CGI code.\n* Lua now integrated - Lua scripts and Lua Pages now run.\n\n!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.1.4@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n\n* Fixed a Win32 crypto library issue with non-Administrator users\n* Removed compiler warnings that showed up in ~FC6.\n* GNU TLS certificates are now accepted.\n* Separated the send/receive headers for HMAC calculations.\n* Fixed a compilation problem with swig/perl/~FC6.\n* Fixed an issue with loading PEM CA certificates.\n\n!!__axhttpd__\n\n* Made //setuid()/setgid()// call an mconf option.\n* Made //chroot()// an mconf option. Default to //chdir()// instead.\n* Removed optional permissions checking.\n\n!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):Changes for 1.1.1@@\n\n!!__SSL Library__\n\n* AES should now work on 16bit processors (there was an alignment problem).\n* Various freed objects are cleared before freeing.\n* Header files now installed in ///usr/local/include/axTLS//.\n* -DCYGWIN replaced with -~DCONFIG_PLATFORM_CYGWIN (and the same for Solaris).\n* removed "-noextern" option in Swig. Fixed some other warnings in Win32.\n* SSLCTX changed to ~SSL_CTX (to be consistent with openssl). SSLCTX still exists for backwards compatibility.\n* malloc() and friends call abort() on failure.\n* Fixed a memory leak in directory listings.\n* Added openssl() compatibility functions.\n* Fixed Cygwin 'make install' issue.\n\n!!__axhttpd__\n\n* main.c now becomes axhttpd.c.\n* Header file issue fixed (in mime_types.c).\n* //chroot()// now used for better security.\n* Basic authentication implemented (via .htpasswd).\n* SSL access/denial protection implemented (via .htaccess).\n* Directory access protection implemented (via .htaccess).\n* Can now have more than one CGI file extension in mconf.\n* "~If-Modified-Since" request now handled properly.\n* Performance tweaks to remove //ssl_find()//.
[[Read Me]]
axTLS uses a BSD style license:\n\nCopyright (c) 2008, Cameron Rich All rights reserved.\n\nRedistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without\nmodification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:\n\nRedistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this\nlist of conditions and the following disclaimer. Redistributions in binary\nform must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and\nthe following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials\nprovided with the distribution. Neither the name of the axTLS Project nor\nthe names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products\nderived from this software without specific prior written permission. \n\nTHIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"\nAND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE\nIMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE\nARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR\nANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL\nDAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR\nSERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER\nCAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT\nLIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY\nOUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH\nDAMAGE.
[[Read Me]] \n[[Changelog]]\n[[axhttpd]]\n[[License]]
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!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):axTLS Quick Start Guide@@\n\nThis is a guide to get a small SSL web-server up and running quickly.\n\n!!__Introduction__\n\nThe axTLS project is an SSL client/server library using the ~TLSv1 protocol. It is designed to be small and fast, and is suited to embedded projects. A web server is included.\n\nThe basic web server + SSL library is around 60-70kB and is configurable for features or size.\n\n!!__Compilation__\n\nAll platforms require GNU make. This means on Win32 that Cygwin needs to be installed with "make" and various developer options selected.\n\nConfiguration now uses a tool called "mconf" which gives a nice way to configure options (similar to what is used in ~BusyBox and the Linux kernel).\n\nYou should be able to compile axTLS simply by extracting it, change into the extracted directory and typing:\n\n{{indent{{{{> make}}}\n\nSelect your platform type, save the configuration, exit, and then type "make" again.\n\nIf all goes well, you should end up with an executable called "axhttpd" (or axhttpd.exe) in the //_stage// directory.\n\nTo play with all the various axTLS options, type:\n\n{{indent{{{{> make menuconfig}}}\n\nSave the new configuration and rebuild.\n\n!!__Running it__\n\nTo run it, go to the //_stage// directory, and type (as superuser):\n\n{{indent{{{{> axhttpd}}}\n\nNote: you may have to set your ~LD_LIBRARY_PATH - e.g. go to //_stage// and type //export ~LD_LIBRARY_PATH=`pwd`//\n\nAnd then point your browser at And you should see a this html page with a padlock appearing on your browser. or type to see the same page unencrypted.\n\n!!__The axssl utilities__\n\nThe axssl suite of tools are the SSL test tools in the various language bindings. They are:\n\n* axssl - C sample\n* axssl.csharp - C# sample\n* axssl.vbnet - VB.NET sample\n* axtls.jar - Java sample\n* - Perl sample\n* axssl.lua - Lua sample\n\nAll the tools have identical command-line parameters. e.g. to run something interesting:\n\n{{indent{{{{> axssl s_server -verify -CAfile ../ssl/test/axTLS.ca_x509}}}\n\nand\n\n{{indent{{{{> axssl s_client -cert ../ssl/test/axTLS.x509_1024 -key ../ssl/test/axTLS.key_1024 -reconnect}}}\n\n!!!!C#\n\nIf building under Linux or other non-Win32 platforms, Mono must be installed and the executable is run as:\n\n{{indent{{{{> mono axssl.csharp.exe ...}}}\n\n!!!!Java\n\nThe java version is run as:\n\n{{indent{{{{> java -jar axtls.jar <options>}}}\n\n!!!!Perl\n\n{{indent{{{{> [perl] ./ <options>}}}\n\nIf running under Win32, be sure to use the correct version of Perl (i.e. ~ActiveState's version works ok).\n\n!!!!Lua\n\n{{indent{{{{> [lua] ./axssl.lua <options>}}}\n\n!__Known Issues__\n\n* Firefox doesn't handle legacy ~SSLv2 at all well. Disabling ~SSLv2 still initiates a ~SSLv23 handshake (v1.5). And continuous pressing of the "Reload" page instigates a change to ~SSLv3 for some reason (even though the TLS 1.0 option is selected). This will cause a "Firefox and <server> cannot communicate securely because they have no common encryption algorithms" (v1.5), or "Firefox can't connect to <server> because the site uses a security protocol which isn't enabled" (v2.0). See bugzilla issues 343543 and 359484 (Comment #7). It's all broken (hopefully fixed soon).\n* Perl/Java bindings don't work on 64 bit Linux machines. I can't even compile the latest version of Perl on an ~AMD64 box (using ~FC3).\n* Java 1.4 or better is required for the Java interfaces.\n* Processes that fork can't use session resumption unless some form of IPC is used.\n* Ensure and are in the shared library path when running with the perl bindings. A way to do this is with:\n\n{{indent{{{{> export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=`perl -e 'use Config; print $Config{archlib};'`/CORE:.}}}\n* The lua sample requires the luabit library from\n\n!!!!Win32 issues\n\n* Be careful about doing .NET executions on network drives - .NET complains with security exceptions on the binary. //TODO: Add a manifest file to prevent this.//\n* CGI has been removed from Win32 - it needs a lot more work to get it right.\n* The default Microsoft .NET SDK is v2.0.50727. Download from:\n\n!!!!Solaris issues\n\n* mconf doesn't work well - some manual tweaking is required for string values.\n* GNU make is required and needs to be in $PATH.\n* To get swig's library dependencies to work (and for the C library to be found), I needed to type:\n\n{{indent{{{{> export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/gcc-3.3.1/lib:.}}}\n\n!!!!Cygwin issues\n\n* The bindings all compile but don't run under Cygwin with the exception of Perl. This is due to win32 executables being incompatible with Cygwin libraries.\n\n
changes, notes and errata
axTLS Embedded SSL
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axhttpd is a small embedded web server using the axTLS library. It is based originally on the web server written by Doug Currie which is at\n\n!@@bgcolor(#ff0000):color(#ffffff):axhttpd Features@@ \n\n!!__Basic Authentication__\n\nBasic Authentication uses a password file called ".htpasswd", in the directory to be protected. This file is formatted as the familiar colon-separated username/encrypted-password pair, records delimited by newlines. The protection does not carry over to subdirectories. The utility program htpasswd is included to help manually edit .htpasswd files.\n\nThe encryption of this password uses a proprietary algorithm due to the dependency of many crypt libraries on DES. An example is in [[/test_dir/no_http|]] (username 'abcd', password is '1234').\n\n//Note: This is an mconf enabled configuration option.//\n\n!!__SSL Protection__\n\nDirectories/files can be accessed using the 'http' or 'https' uri prefix. If normal http access for a directory needs to be disabled, then put "~SSLRequireSSL" into a '.htaccess' file in the directory to be protected. \n\nConversely, use "~SSLDenySSL" to deny access to directories via SSL.\n\nAn example is in [[/test_dir/no_http|]] and [[/test_dir/no_ssl|]].\n\nEntire directories can be denied access with a "Deny all" directive (regardless of SSL or authentication). An example is in [[/test_dir/bin|]]\n\n!!__CGI__\n\nMost of the CGI 1.1 variables are now placed into the script environment and should work as normal.\n\n!!__Lua and Lua Pages__\n\nThis is a small scripting language gaining popularity in embedded applications due to its small footprint and fast speed.\n\nLua has been incorporated into the build, so simply select it and it will automatically install. Try pointing your browser at [[test_main.html]|]] to see an example of Lua Pages.\n\n//Note: This is an mconf enabled configuration option.//\n\n!!__Directory Listing__\n\nAn mconf option. Allow the files in directories to be displayed. An example is in [[/test_dir|]]\n\n!!__Other Features__\n\n* Timeout - HTTP 1.1 allows for persistent connections. This is the time allowed for this connection in seconds.\n* Daemon - Puts the process in daemon mode. \n* SSL session cache size - The size of the session cache (a heavily loaded server should maintain many sessions). A session will save on expensive SSL handshaking.\n\n